The subheading Description will give an overview of the continent, highlight the unique landscape, weather patterns and research stations making up some of the tourist attractions of this continent.
In the mids, a group of scientists convinced the United Nations to institute an event to promote cooperation in the sciences.
At the conclusion of the project, all agreed that the IGY had been successful. The momentum of this symbolic event was followed by the drafting of the Antarctic Treaty in Washington in Antarctica shall continue forever to be used exclusively for peaceful purposes and shall not become the scene or object of international discord.
Among other things, the Treaty prohibits nuclear explosions, radioactive waste disposal, and military deployments in the ATA. Article IV clarifies that the Treaty does not repudiate any existing claim, but it prohibits their assertion as well as the establishment of new claims.
Decision-Making Currently, 48 nations have agreed to the Antarctic Treaty, but only 29 control the decision making process.
However, nations who conduct scientific research on the continent can apply to become Consultative Parties. Any measures of a military nature, including testing of any type of weapons, are prohibited; any nuclear explosions in Antarctica and the disposal there of radioactive waste material are prohibited.
The 14 Articles of the Treaty may be summarized as follows: Antarctica shall be used for peaceful purposes only; any military measures, with the exception of use of military assets for scientific research or any other peaceful purpose, are prohibited.
Freedom of scientific investigation in Antarctica and cooperation as applied during IGY shall continue. Plans for scientific programs and the observations and results thereof shall be freely exchanged; scientists may be exchanged between expeditions.
All national claims are held static from the date of signature. No future activity of any country during the life of the Treaty can affect the status quo on any rights or claims to territorial sovereignty.
Nuclear explosions and disposal of radioactive waste are prohibited in Antarctica. Any Contracting Party may appoint observers.
Regular consultative meetings of the active signatory nations shall be held. Contracting Parties shall ensure that no activity contrary to the Treaty is carried out.
Any disputes between Contracting Parties shall be resolved by peaceful negotiation, in the last resort by the International Court of Justice. The Treaty shall remain in force for a minimum of 30 years. These Articles provide the legal details of ratification and deposit. Verification and Compliance Verification All areas of Antarctica, including all stations, installations, and equipment within those areas, and all ships and aircraft at points of discharging or embarking cargos or personnel in Antarctica are open at all times to inspection by observers designated by the Contracting Parties.
Over 50 inspections have taken place between andthe majority since Compliance The Treaty has a technical secretariat in Buenos Aires, but there is no administrative body to oversee its implementation. The methods of dispute resolution provided by the Antarctic Treaty are negotiation, arbitration, or, if all the parties to the dispute agree, adjudication by the International Court of Justice.
Topics of discussion included climate change, increased tourism, scientific exploration, and resource conservation. China plans to build its fifth Antarctic station by The Positive Impact of the multiplier effect of tourism on the country of origin will be discussed as well as the personal gratification and environmental awareness of an Antarctic visit.
The Negative Impact of the effect an increase in visitors will be analysed under the subheadings of the human impact on Birds, Heritage Sites and the Terrestrial Environment. 4 - Tourism, with the accompanying pollutants that accompany ships and aircraft, the possibility of oil spills and the effects of lots of people and infrastructure on wildlife and the wider environment.
Tourism term papers (paper ) on Environmental Impact Of Tourism On Antarctica: Introduction This essay discusses the environmental impact of tourism on Antarctica. The subheading Description will give an overview of th. Term paper Chapter Australia, New Zealand and the South Pacific “Oceania is the most geographically isolated of world regions, yet it is also closely connected by migration, trade, .
Antarctic tourism has grown from fewer than 2, visitors a year in the s to more than 46, in Then the numbers plummeted, bottoming out at fewer than 27, in Eco-Travel & Tourism Essay Examples. 0 examples. 0 Tag’s. Order now. Categories A Discussion of the Environmental Impact of Tourism on Antartica ( words, 11 pages) IntroductionThis essay discusses the environmental impact of tourism on rutadeltambor.com subheading Description will give an overview of the continent, highlight the unique.