Material covered in this chapter 8.
Translate this page from English Print Page Change Text Size: T T T Critical Thinking: Critical thinking is essential to effective learning and productive living.
Would you share your definition of critical thinking? First, since critical thinking can be defined in a number of different ways consistent with each other, we should not put a lot of weight on any one definition. Definitions are at best scaffolding for the mind.
With this qualification in mind, here is a bit of scaffolding: Two things are crucial: To put it briefly, it is self-improvement in thinking through standards that assess thinking. Could you give me an example?
This quiz and worksheet combo will help you understand argument's role in critical thinking, and the risks of relying only on instinct. Quiz & . This practice critical thinking test will assess yourability to make inferences and logical assumptions and to reason with supported arguments. You should attempt the questions before reading this solutions document. Critical Thinking Quiz #1 Chapters All key terms Critical Thinking defined The approaches to faith and reason Characteristics of a good critical thinker Three levels of thinking Barriers to critical thinking The role of reason in critical thinking How emotions affect critical thinking.
Certainly, one of the most important distinctions that teachers need to routinely make, and which takes disciplined thinking to make, is that between reasoning and subjective reaction. If we are trying to foster quality thinking, we don't want students simply to assert things; we want them to try to reason things out on the basis of evidence and good reasons.
Often, teachers are unclear about this basic difference. Many teachers are apt to take student writing or speech which is fluent and witty or glib and amusing as good thinking.
They are often unclear about the constituents of good reasoning. Hence, even though a student may just be asserting things, not reasoning things out at all, if she is doing so with vivacity and flamboyance, teachers are apt to take this to be equivalent to good reasoning.
This was made clear in a recent California state-wide writing assessment in which teachers and testers applauded a student essay, which they said illustrated "exceptional achievement" in reasoned evaluation, an essay that contained no reasoning at all, that was nothing more than one subjective reaction after another.
See "Why Students-and Teachers-Don't Reason Well" The assessing teachers and testers did not notice that the student failed to respond to the directions, did not support his judgment with reasons and evidence, did not consider possible criteria on which to base his judgment, did not analyze the subject in the light of the criteria, and did not select evidence that clearly supported his judgment.
The result was, by the way, that a flagrantly mis-graded student essay was showcased nationally in ASCD's Developing Mindssystematically misleading theor so teachers who read the publication. Could this possibly be a rare mistake, not representative of teacher knowledge?
I don't think so. Let me suggest a way in which you could begin to test my contention. If you are familiar with any thinking skills programs, ask someone knowledgeable about it the "Where's the beef?
Namely, "What intellectual standards does the program articulate and teach?
And then when you explain what you mean, I think you will find that the person is not able to articulate any such standards.Critical thinking — in being responsive to variable subject matter, issues, and purposes — is incorporated in a family of interwoven modes of thinking, among them: scientific thinking, mathematical thinking, historical thinking, anthropological thinking, economic thinking, moral thinking, and philosophical thinking.
Critical Thinking Assessment Practice Quiz P a g e | 2 5. Which is NOT a sound argument? a. Sabrina wanted to be a better figure . Critical thinking is a way of thinking in which you don’t simply accept all arguments and conclusions you are exposed to nut rather have an attitude involving questioning such argument and conclusions.
Start studying Critical Thinking (Argument). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Critical Thinking Quiz #1 Chapters All key terms Critical Thinking defined The approaches to faith and reason Characteristics of a good critical thinker Three levels of thinking Barriers to critical thinking The role of reason in critical thinking How emotions affect critical thinking.
Critical Thinking Assessment Practice Quiz P a g e | 1 This practice test is designed to help you figure out how much you know about critical-thinking skills.
You may find that you know more than you think you do, because you use these skills in day-to-day living. You may discover that many questions on the practice test are easy to answer.